china

Xi’an

Xi’an is the capital of the Shaanxi province, and a sub-provincial city in the People’s Republic of China. One of the oldest cities in China, with more than 3,100 years of history, the city was known as Chang’an before the Ming Dynasty. Xi’an is one of the Four Great Ancient Capitals (Beijing, Nanjing, Luoyang, and Xi’an) of China, having held the position under several of the most important dynasties in Chinese history, including Zhou, Qin, Han, Sui, and Tang. Xi’an is the eastern terminus of the Silk Road and home to the Terracotta Army.

Since 1990′s Xi’an has re-emerged as an important cultural, industrial and educational center of the central-northwest region, with facilities for research and development, national security and China’s space exploration program. Xi’an is one of the most popular tourist destinations in China. The city has many important historical sites, and some are ongoing archaeological projects, such as the Mausoleum of Qin Shi Huang and his Terracotta Army. There are several burial mounds, tombs of the Zhou Dynasty kings located in the city.

Xi’an holds many great sights such as the city wall which was re-constructed in the 14th century during the early Ming Dynasty and was based on the inner imperial palace of Tang Dynasty, The Mausoleum of Qin Shi Huang and his Terracotta Army, The Bell Tower and Drum Tower, The Giant Wild Goose Pagoda and Small Wild Goose Pagoda (spectacular towers and both are well over 1,000 years old and have survived great earthquakes), The Stele Forest, The Famen Temple, Huaqing Hot Springs, Xi Ming Temple and more. This is a place where there are just too many things to see.

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The Great Wall of China

The Great Wall of China is China’s national treasure and a world wonder, not only because of its unique beauty, but because it exudes with its character, dignity and tradition. The Great Wall goes up and down across deserts, grasslands, mountains and plateaus, stretching approximately 8,851.8 kilometers. With a history of more than 2000 years, some of the sections are now in ruins or have disappeared. However, it is still one of the most appealing attractions all around the world owing to its architectural grandeur and historical significance.

The Great Wall of China is a series of fortifications made of stone, brick, tamped earth, wood, and other materials, generally built along an east-to-west line across the historical northern borders of China in part to protect the Chinese Empire or its prototypical states against intrusions by various nomadic groups or military incursions by various warlike peoples or forces. Other purposes of the Great Wall have included border controls, allowing the imposition of duties on goods transported along the Silk Road, regulation or encouragement of trade and the control of immigration and emigration. Furthermore, the defensive characteristics of the Great Wall were enhanced by the construction of watch towers, troop barracks, garrison stations, signaling capabilities through the means of smoke or fire, and the fact that the path of the Great Wall also served as a transportation corridor.

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